: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia [2012]

The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat gramdifolia. This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.

It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine.

See List of Abuta species. Illustrations A-F from A. In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to grandivolia colic in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles.

Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants.


Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith – Menispermaceae: Neotropical plant images from Kew

Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia. Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it granfifolia dangerous. Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare.

Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al. Views Read Edit View history. Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

Retrieved from ” https: You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes.


The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb. It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves. It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America. The Plant-Book 2nd ed.

Granvifolia dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most active being the dichloromethane extract of A. A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women qbuta giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al. Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers.

The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always grandifoliz of the species mentioned above.

But today this substance is produce artificially. Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. Sometimes they add Abuta grandifolia to the mixture but it is not one of the main components.

Flowers in composed panicles. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation.