Strictly speaking, nothing at all is known about the author conventionally known as “Aeneas Tacticus”. “Tacticus” is merely to differentiate him. Aeneas Tacticus: ancient Greek civilization: Historical writings: Stymphalus in Arcadia (known as Aeneas Tacticus) is valuable not only for the evidence it. The aim of this paper is firstly, to emphasize the way in which the ideas and instructions of Aeneas Tacticus are articulated in a rigorous and.

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From it we can deduce that he was a Peloponnesian of the fourth century BCE who served in the Aegean and aenesa Asia Minor and composed the work from direct knowledge and from oral and some literary tradition, possibly in —6 BCE. It is also concerned with such matters as aeneaa choice of staff; attitude to war; religious duties; military formations; conduct in allied and hostile lands; difficult terrains; camps; drill; spies; guards; deserters; battle formations and maneuvers; and other matters, ending with conduct after victory.

The simple answer is that we do not know. See my copyright page for details and contact information. Strictly speaking, nothing at all is known about the author conventionally known as “Aeneas Tacticus”. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. His nonsense books, mo ….

Unlike all other tacticud writers whose texts have been preserved, Aeneas was not an Athenian. The work ends with aemeas of command. Aeneas combines military experience with an intimate knowledge of life in a small town. Aeneas Aineias Tacticus, probably the Stymphalian general of the Arcadian koinon see arcadian league in bce Xen. Join Our Mailing List: At the same time, new multilateral alliances and the increased use of mercenaries in many areas made sieges an ever more common occurrence.

Note that Aeneas can also be transliterated from the Greek as Aineias. In Racticus Article Bibliography.

Aeneas Tacticus

The latest episodes may date to the early s BC. The work offers no indication of where Aeneas came from. Editor’s Preface and Introduction. However, this identification has not been proved. Bronze Age Greek Material Culture: As so often with ancient texts, even the most basic details cannot be taken for granted: Of several treatises only his Siegecraft Poliorcetica is extant, internally datable to the mid-4th cent.


His main subjects were the branches of a military force; infantry; cavalry; chariots; elephants; arms; maneuvers; military evolutions; marching formation. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQsand if you can’t find the answer there, please contact us. It is therefore fairly likely that the author of this particular military treatise was indeed called Aeneas.

Aeneas Tacticus

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Sign in via your Institution. Technical details on the layout of this site follow the Table of Contents, which in turn is adapted from the analysis given in that Introduction; the numbering of the parts with Roman numerals therefore has no authority, although Aenras followed it as convenient for splitting up the long text into webpages of manageable size.

At the end of the work the scribe recorded Aeneas as the author, and accepting some corrections of a very confused text in this passage the name Aeneas appears in the work itself His education and general perspective aneeas that he was comparatively well off, and his political stance is broadly oligarchic. Publications Pages Publications Pages. Concerned more with defence against than prosecution of siege-warfare, it offers unique insights into the stresses of life in small communities with warfare and revolution constantly threatening.

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Aeneas Tacticus is of course not a proper personal name for an ancient Greek. On checking, at a distance from the walls, the advance of a foe, and on taking special precautions in regard to religious processions outside the city walls and treachery at the gates of the city The result of his efforts is generally seen as a lot less sophisticated and polished than that of his contemporaries Xenophon offers the closest comparison in terms of genre and outlook.


The old power blocks, Athens and Sparta, were no longer dominant, Athens battling against reluctant allies and a lack of funds for military operations, and Sparta reduced to its territory in the south-east Peloponnese after its great defeat by the Thebans at Leuctra in BC.

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The thicker the border, the more information. It is devoted entirely to defence of fortified places and deals specially with use facticus defending troops; defensive positions; morale; resistance to attacks and to actual assault; guards; obviation of treachery and revolution; and other subjects.

In short, a military commander in a small town with a force of a few hundred may suddenly find himself in a situation where it was necessary to understand principles of warfare on tactixus much grander scale. Aeneas was perhaps a general, and certainly author of several didactic military works of which the sole survivor is that on defense against siege.

The work deals in plain style with the sort of morals and social and military qualities and attitudes expected of a virtuous and militarily successful general. This was a turbulent time, particularly in mainland Greece. Unusually, Athens plays only a minor role in his work and he does not write in the Attic dialect, which is otherwise with the exception of Herodotus the standard in classical prose literature.

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Aeneas was a prolific writer, and a writer willing to experiment with language and genre. Asclepiodotusphilosopher and pupil of the Stoic Posidonius, wrote a rather dry but ordered work on Tactics as if a subject of the lecture room, based not on personal experience but on earlier manuals.