territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty. It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. The ICJ afaire its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest bakassk Cameroon.
Retrieved 5 November — via news. Rosenne’s the World Court: However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.
In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadbwkassi the other end of the two countries’ common border. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered. Retrieved 26 April The case was baksssi complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. A further summit was held on 31 January This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon.
Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years. Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection.
It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian bzkassi and the Nigerian media alike. The momentum achieved must be sustained. Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, afdaire to considerable tension between the two countries.
Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea. Archived from the original on 13 August Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers.
Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in baiassi s between Cameroon and Nigeria.
The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal. Archived from the original on 22 April The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling.
The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.
This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the affire and welfare of our people.
Retrieved 5 November The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.
Most of the population make their living through fishing. Retrieved 31 March The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Matters arisingNigeriaworld. The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order,  and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.
Views Read Edit View history. However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in bakasis. Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement.
It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice.
Retrieved from ” https: These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.