Results 1 – 16 of OLD NCERT BOOKS – 1) Ancient India- R.S. SHARMA India’s Ancient Past Edition . by Prof. R. S. Sharma and Vasanti Fadake. Ancient India R S Sharma Pdf Download Old NCERT NCERT, Book, History,. WhatsApp. Print Friendly Version of this page Print Get a PDF. The NCERT had entrusted the lesponsibility of preparing courses and . CHAPTER 1 The Importance of Ancient Indian History The study of ancient Indian .
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It prof.r.s.sharma thus appear that the palaeolithic sites are found in practically all parts of the country except the alluvial plains of the Indus and the Ganga. A good quantity of barley has been discovered at Banwali. Painted Gray Ware has been found at prof.r.ssharma these sites, neither iron objects 1 nor cereals have been encountered.
People living in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra produced channel-spouted pots, dishes-on-stand and bowls-on-stand. They produced two types of wheat and barley.
Weaving was confined to women but was practised on a wide scale. Spies were employed to keep an eye on such unsocial activities. Usually delivered in days?
Ancient India R S Sharma Pdf Download Old NCERT
The earliest wave is lepiescmted by prof.rs.sharma Rig Vedic people, who appeared in the subcontinent in about B. C He used tools of impohshod, undressed, rough stones, which have been found in south India and in the Soan or Sohan river valley in PakisLan. Since most sites have been dug vertically they provide a good chronological sequence of material culture.
It contains narialive, descriptive. They particularly used stone axes, which have been found in laige numbers throughout the greater part of the country,This cutting tool was put to various uses by the people, and in ancient legends Parasurama became an important axe- wielding hero Based on the types of axes used by neolithic settlers, we notice three important areas of neo- lithic settlements.
Terracotta figures of women suggest that the chalcolithic people venerated the mother god- dess. They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea They knew the use of wheel, and carts with solid wheels were in use in Harappa. They show that in weighing mostly 16 or its multiples were used; for instance, 16, 64. Some settlements found in south India prof.r.s.xharma eastern India are as late as B.
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Their dates are fixed according to the radio-carbon method, for which facilities exist in’India. Intra-tribal conflicts rocked the Aryan communi- ties fob a long time. This area was different from north Tamil Nadu, which consisted of uplands and came into prominence under the Pallavas in the prof.r.s.shama centuries A D.
Still other types eulogise the attributes and achievements of kings and conquerors, and never speak of their defeats or weaknesses. Various causes have been suggested. Elephants were well known to the Harappans, who weTe also acquainted with the rhinoceros The contemporary Sumerian cities in Mesopotamia practically produced the same foodgiains and domesticated the anvient animals as the Harappans did But the Harappan people prof.r.s.sharma Gujarat produced rice and domestica- ted elephants, which was not the case with the people of Mesopotamian cities.
The use of burnt bricks in the Harappan cities is lemarkable, because in the contempo- rary buildings of Egypt dried bricks were mainly 6. Late Vqdip texts spi ak of six, eight, twelve and even twenty- four oxen yoked to the plough, This may bp an exaggeration. Of amcient epics the Maluibliaraia is oldei prof.r.s.shar,a age and possibly reflects the state of affairs from the 1 Oth century B C, to the 4th century A.
And still others point out that the Harappan culture was destroyed by the Aryans. The deltaic plains formed by these two rivers at their mouths shot into historical importance by the beginning of the Christian era when they became studded with towns and ports under the Satavahanas and ancieng successor. Indian History – Agnihotri 3. Since such a literary assembly was called sangam, the whole literature is known as the Sangam literature The compilation of the corpus is attributed to the first fouL Chustian centuries, although final compilations may have been com- pleted by the sixth centuiy.
The most important public place of Mohenjo- indla seems to be the Great Bath, comprising the tank which is prof.r.s.wharma in the citadel mound. The book has pages apart from acknowledgement and contents. Economic and cultural interaction between the plains and the valley was continuous The Pamir plateau did not prevent it fiom becoming a transmitting centre of Buddhism for the ad- jacent areas of Central Asia.
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For purposes of singing, the prayers of the Rig Ancinet weie sat to tune, and this modified collection 1 was known as the Sama Veda Samhita, In addition to the Sama Veda, in post-Rig Vedic times two other collections were composed These were ‘ the Yajur Veda Samhita and the Atharva Veda Samhita The Yajur Veda contains not only hymns but also rituals which have to accom- pany their recitation, The rituals reflect the social and political milieu m which they arose.
The thickly forested areas, which also contained hard soil, could be cleaicd only with the help of the iron implements which appeared at a much later stage. The Harappan culture originated and flourished in the Indus valley, the Vcdic culture originated in the Panjab and flourished amcient the western Gangetic basin; the post-Vedic culture, mainly based on the use of iron, thrived m the middle Gangetic basin.
In this case the term dasa appears in the name Divodasa. Almost cvciy Vedie text contains mteipolations, which generally appear at its beginning oi end but are not rare in its middle The Rig Veda mainly contains prayets, while the later Vedlc texts mainly comprise not only prayeisbut also rituals, magic and mythological stories.
Many Harap- pan seals have been discovered in Mesopota- mia, and it seems that the Harappans imita- ted some cosmetics used by the urban people of Mesopotamia. Another notable fact is that the ancients necrt, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, were studied with the’ same zeal and devotion ifi the land of the Tamils as m the intellectual circles of Banaras and Taxila.
Pre- sently the Board is engaged m preparing four textbooks for the four semester courses prof.r.s.shama history. Age of Capital E. When punting was not known, manuscripts weie valued immensely.
Khan and Shn Arjun Dev Convener. Remains of the carnal have also been found.
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Hand-axes have been found in a deposit of the time of the second Himalayan glaciation. A woman dancer made of bronze is the best speamen. The Harappan villages, mostly situated near the flood plains, produced sufficient foodgrains not only to feed themselves but also the town people. We do not know much about their arts and crafts.
Describe the principal geographical regions of India. It is as difficult to explain the origin of the Harappan culture as its end. The most important functionary seems to have’ been the pwohita The’ two priests who played ‘ a major part in the time of Rig Veda are Vasishtha and Visvamitra, They inspired the tribal chiefs to action and lauded their exploits in return for handsome rewards in cows and women slaves.
This texL was put m its final form in the beginning of the Christian era, but its earliest portions leflect the state of society and economy m the age of the Mauiyas It provides iich material for the study of ancient Indian polity and economy. The Wonder That was India Vol.