Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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As for Jung, Frye was uninterested about the collective unconscious on the grounds of feeling it was unnecessary: According to this argument the dilemma Frye’s archetypal criticism faces with more contemporary literatureand that of post-modernism in general, is that genres and categories are no longer distinctly separate and that the very concept of genres has become blurred, thus problematizing Frye’s schema.

Archetypes fall into two major categories: Based on this concept, a work of literature may be critically or scientifically evaluated, says Northrop Frye.

Literary Criticism is a Science. By itself, Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious accounts for a considerable share of writings in archetypal literary criticism; it also pre-dates the height of archetypal literary criticism by over a decade.

The anthropological origins arvhetypes archetypal criticism can pre-date its analytical psychology origins by over 30 years. So, archteypes same spheres are to be interpreted in different ways and to the different effects in case of the comedic and the tragic works, respectively. In this literary universe, four radical mythoi i.

Eliot — Study notes and Summary. The ogre and the witch are the subordinate characters here and these myths are the archetypes of satire. It has been argued that Frye’s version of archetypal criticism strictly categorizes works based on their genres, which determines how an archetype is to be interpreted in a text. Frye has divided the archrtypes into three parts. Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Such myths are the archetypes of romance and of rhapsodic poetry.


Archetypal literary criticism

Under the second type of criticism called historical criticism, a litegature interprets the birth of a text and resolves that it is an outcome of the social and cultural demands of a society in a particular period. Such recurrent items are held to be the result of elemental and universal forms or patterns in the human psyche, whose effective embodiment in a literary work evokes a profound response from the attentive reader, because he or she shares the psychic archetypes expressed by the author.

archeypes The zenith, summer and marriage or triumph phase. Literature can be interpreted in as many ways as possible, and there are different approaches to literature, and one among them is the archetypal approach.

There are different types of criticism and most of them remain commentaries on texts. Both of these are likely derived from priesthood authority archetypes, such as Celtic Druidsor perhaps Biblical figures like AbrahamMosesetc.

Archetypal symbols vary more than archetype narratives or character types. Available in the UHS Library. Archetypal approach to a liferature has contributed to the establishment of litreature systematic and comprehensive concept of literary criticism.

The archetypes of literature – Northrop Frye – UGC NET English

Similarly, summer refers to conclusion of the seasonal calendar as romance usually ends with an achievement, most commonly in the form of marriage. Literary Criticism is a Science Science explores nature and different branches of science explore different aspects of nature. It has already been established that in literature pattern is recurrence of images, forms and words.

Each season is aligned with a literary genre: A few commonly used examples of metonymy are: Literary criticism Greek mythology studies Critical theory Literary archetypes. The Collective Unconscious or Racial Memory Archetypal criticism dissects and analyses symbols, images and mythologies used by a writer in his works, and these symbols, myths and rituals have literzture origin in primitive myths, rituals, folk-lore and cultures. Frazer and Jung contend that in the development of a myth the central figure or central significance is the most important factor and many writers have accepted this view.

It is noted for its darkness, dissolution, the return of chaos, and the defeat of the heroic figure. What types of archetypal themes, images and characters are traced in literature by them? An Epistle to Dr. Here the archetypes of images are symposium, communion, order, friendship, and love.


If one method explains a text based on the derivation of a general truth from the particular, the other method does it the other way round. At the time of planting and harvest, sacrifices and offerings are made and they have a meaning: God is a character in the story of Paradise Lost or The Bible, and the critic deals with Him and considers Him only as a human character.

Similarly literary criticism litearture and interprets literature. The archetypes of images are pastoral images. The Archetypes of Literature Studies in Poetic Mythology is a critical work published in Not only symbols, images and myths are archetypal; even genres ov archetypal.

Tragedy is associated to the downfall of the protagonist as autumn suggests the demise of the seasonal calendar. To Jung, an archetype in the collective unconscious, as quoted from Leitch et al.

This archetype may create a shared imaginary which is defined by many stereotypes that have not separated themselves from the traditional, biological, religious and mythical framework. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. But either of them alone does not explain a work completely. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms.

Physics is a branch of science, which explores matter and natural forces of the universe. Refer to the Indian seasonal grid below. Indeed they constitute the bases of many great pieces of literature. Such things have already an element of narrative and they add further to the narrative of the writer in his works.