Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society [William Henry Scott] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book presents a. By William Henry Scott by christine_biala in Types > School Work. WILLIAM HENRY SCOTT (), distinguished scholar and leading historian on the Cordilleras and prehispanic Philippines, graduated.

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Because what is sparkling Are his shining gold-crowned teeth, What is glittering all over Are the shining empenelek [caps] Maquiso The most common style for men, however, were single rings worn in the bottom holes. The juice was boiled, preferably in a cast-iron baong that held as much as 15 liters, to half its volume. A southern branch included almost all the languages spoken in Mindanao. Pili seeds were collected for this purpose, having been picked from under the trees where they had been dropped by kalaw birds after digesting the flesh.

The first wave, he theorized, displaced the Negritos they found on the coast, but married their women; the second wave drove the first into interior mountains, and became the progenitors of the present lowland population; and the third wave introduced Islam.

The University of Melbourne Library.

Barangay – William Henry Scott

Fish swam upstream to spawn in inland streams, inhabited swamps and thick muddy waters, rose to the surface to breathe, and even climbed up onto the roots of mangrove trees.

It was threshed as needed by being trampled underfoot, gilyuk; scraped against a seashell, kagur; or pulled through with the hands, humo, a term which also meant to rub ripe grains loose from a growing plant in willam of hunger, leaving the others to mature. Root Crops Among their many root crops, or tubers, the one the Visayans consid- ered most nutritious was taro Colocasiawhich required moist soil, even mud or standing water, and had large shield-shaped leaves. The physical types which ah earlier generation of anthropologists provided with a long list of racial and; subracial names are now regarded as genetic specializations within the normal range of variations of the larger movement.

Datus and their ladies were distinguished by exquisite luray on all four sides called libot, a circuit, such as that which the sun bzrangay to make around the earth, kalibutan. The bellows of the forge hasohas were two upright cylinders tayhop about a meter high, hollowed out of small tree trunks, with pistons tamborok ringed with chicken feathers set so as to collapse on the return stroke.

Women drank more moderately than men, and were expected to stretch their menfolk out, to sleep off any resulting stupor. And the San Buenaventura Tagalog dictionary includes ethnographic data found in none of the accounts — details of technology and industry, commercial contracts and interest rates, head taking and puberty rites, mortuary rituals and sexual mores.


Drinking etiquette began with agda, exhorting some person, or diwata, To take the first drink. Ironworking Blacksmiths were panday— or. But they all had long hair; to cut it was a sign of deepest mourning, or a punishment.

Formats and Editions of Barangay : sixteenth-century Philippine culture and society []

There was avariety of nets. It was dr unk tin ough reed str aws called tayuk or halasam, or drawn from the jar with a pool, a node of thin bamboo open at the bottom and with a finger hole neat the top which was submerged in the pangasi until it filled, and then withdrawn wiUj the finger hole closed to create a vacuum to retain its contents.

The custom startled Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and English observers alike, and scandalized missionary clergy of all orders. The shuttle sikwan or bosali was a thin cane th same length as the barila, forked at both ends to hold the weft threa wrapped lengthwise.

The camotes which were brought here from Nueva Espana [Mexico] and keep the name, are really what they call batatas in Spain, but these here differ in size, being barangag much larger. Rather it seeks to answer the bg The Spaniards therefore called Visayan social occasions bacanales, drinkfests. None of your libraries hold this item. Among surviving sixteenth-century sources, there happen to be more voluminous data on Visayan culture than on the rest of the Philippines combined.

To file their teeth slightly was thought to increase their bravery. It was called gabi. In addition to these published collections is a wide array of such other published and unpublished sources as chronicles, travel accounts, navigational logs, letters, sermon books, catechisms, reports, and dictionaries. This was true even in the Muslim sultanates in the south: But to hemry the metal from the ore by primitive methods is very difficult, and so is the transportation of the ore. In the Suban-on epics, a hero s locks aie oiled by his sister and wound into tight coils which should not come undone except in the hands of his sweetheart, and Chief Sandayo ofTubig Liyasan goes foi th to battle, armed with two victory charms plaited into his hair — one for the enemy and the other for the ladies.

I would recommend this to any student of pre-Spanish Philippine society and culture. Sara-sara was rice mixed with such heny, one of a number of snacks or tidbits called doom.

Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society

The Proto-Malays car- ried blowguns, bows and arrows; the Northern Malays introduced bronze and rice terraces; and the Southern Malays were blacksmiths, weavers, and potters.


In the case of the rings, one or more were pressed on, like finger rings, behind the pin; but the penis wheels had opposed holes to accommodate the tugbuk. But whether rice or millet was the preferred food, root crops were actually the most common Visayan staple.

The first holes in the earlobes were made soon after birth, while the rest of the holes, wilkiam the second year. From the Miguel Lopez de Legazpi expedition which established the Spanish colony, come a detailed sixteen-month journal, separate reports of local products and customs, and a ream of missionary and conquistador correspondence.

In Legazpi noticed large boats loading rice and tubers in Cabalian Leyte and a week ; later, encountered a boatload of rice and yams off Bohol which had conic j from Sugod Leyte. If they were simple pegs without heads they looked like gold dots on ivory dice when filed flush with the surface of the tooth.

Bornean refineries were then producing it in large quantities in Santubong Sarawakand Song traders were delivering big Chinese caul- drons and pig iron direct.

All this debris dorok or dopok was gathered into large piles called tapong for burning when dry, though pieces of wood large enough to be useful were dragged off to be saved. Reports to the king on products and industries suitable for willim exploitation are obviously more reliable than those recounting Filipino belligerence and treachery which might excuse conquistador brutality.

Dohong or dayopak was the ordinary- one; la wad, a heavier one for woodcutting; bako or bantok, one with a curved blade for weeding or cultivating; and pisaw, one with a short blade and long handle to be pressed under the arm or against the ground with the foot to leaver both hands free for stripping rattan. By the time of Spanish advent, Austronesian speakers had occupied bg whole archi- pelago, absorbing or displacing the sparse populations already present, as their original tongue diversified into three main branches: Because its size permitted the bahag to be spread out to covei the entiie hip, many observers thought it was a kind of kilt from the waist to the knees.

Masbate attracted miners from neighboring J islands and supplied the famous itinerant goldsmiths of Bikol, and a Spanish assay in gave 6 ounces per hundredweight of karat quality. Hair Hairstyles usually differed between one community and another and could go in and outoffashion quickly.