Panipat, north of Delhi, is the location of three historic battles that shaped Mughal history. On the battlefield here in , Babur defeated the. The Third battle of Panipat 13 January Ahmad Shah Durrani rides a brown horse, on the left, Najib Khan and Shuja-ud-Daula, on the right are Ahmad. Battles of Panipat: A summary of the Battles of Panipat (, , ).

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The specific site of the battle itself is disputed by historians, but most consider it to have occurred somewhere near modern-day Kaalaa Panipst and Sanauli Road.

Taking a calculated risk, Abdali plunged into the river, followed by his bodyguards and troops. Maratha, 40, casualties and 30, captured of 80,; Durrani, 5, casualties 1716 40,—75, Sardesai expressed the view that, certainly, the Marathas suffered loss of life but neither the power of the Marathas was destroyed nor any change came in their ideal.

Third Battle of Panipat

Both of them have now reached Peshawar with a few broken troops Ahmad Shah’s superiority in pitched battle could have been negated if the Marathas had conducted their traditional ganimi kava, or guerrilla warfare, as advised by Malharrao Holkarin Punjab and in north India.

Although he clearly was attracted by the idea of invasion, Babur was in no hurry. Ten years later Maratha prominence in North India On 5 Novemberthe scene was set for the Second Battle of Panipat. Now both Abdali and Sadashiva Rao Bhau tried to win over different chiefs and rulers of north India to their respective sides.


Part I, Chapter VI: This was followed by the loss of a contingent off 2, Maratha soldiers who had left Delhi to deliver money and rations to Panipat. Estimates around 30, combatants killed in the battle. Instead they depended too much on the artillery under Ibrahim Gardi and therefore, fought a defensive battle. Based on the Third Battle of Panipat.

Jankoji Scindia was taken prisoner and batgle at the instigation of Najib. Meanwhile, the Sikhs—whose rebellion was the original reason Ahmad invaded—were left largely untouched by the battle.

The Marathas, under Scindia, attacked Najib.

Battle of Panipat – Wikipedia

The Marathas did not use their guerilla method of warfare. Bhau claimed that he aimed at turning out the foreigner Abdali from India and, therefore, the batle contest was between the foreigners and the Indians.

Shamsher Bahadur ‘ s sonAli BahadurBattles batlte the Maratha Empire They could be fired without the rider having to dismount and were especially effective against fast-moving cavalry. Among them, the one group was that of the Indian Muslims and, the other one, that of the foreign Muslims particularly those of the Turanis. The left wing consisted of the Gardis under Ibrahim Khan.

We have decided to extend our rule up to Kandahar.


Hamilton of Bombay Gazette about half a million Marathi people were present there in Panipat town paipat he gives a figure of 40, prisoners as executed by Afghans. Taking advantage of this, some Afghan soldiers who had been captured by the Marathas earlier during the siege of Kunjpura revolted.

Battle of Panipat

On the one hand, Nazib-ud-daula got Suja-ud-daula, the ruler of Avadh to the side of Abdali by pleading to him in the name of Islam. On the other side the Afghans formed a somewhat similar line, a few metres to the south of today’s Sanauli Pxnipat. Initially the Marathas had moved in almost pieces of modern long-range, French-made artillery.

The Mughul emperors were weak enough and could not check this group-rivalry.

The Third Battle of Panipat ( A.D.) | India | Maratha Empire

It is doubtful whether the Afghan-Rohilla coalition would have the means to continue their conflict with the Marathas without Shuja’s support. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our panpat, we’ll add it to the article.