30 out. Biopirataria da Flora. Jaborandi, Andiroba e Espinheira Santa. Combate à Biopirataria O que é a biopirataria?. 19 out. Ao longo de 26 anos de atuação no Brasil, o Greenpeace nunca se a proteção da biodiversidade e o combate à biopirataria, o combate ao. totalizing a surface of approximately 5,, km² (Brasil, a). .. HOMMA, A. K. O. Extrativismo,Biodiversidade e Biopirataria na Amazônia ().
|Published (Last):||26 July 2007|
|PDF File Size:||8.75 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.81 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In front of these, it is necessary to create a legal regime differentiated, sui generis, created from the reality of each nation and with the participation of the same, as a mechanism of protection for the effectiveness of respect for indigenous people, guaranteeing them the exclusive use of their lands, the preservation of their knowledge, their jo, their culture and consequent sustainability, especially against the hegemonic process of globalization and the effects of biopiracy.
The Brazilian Amazonia is a single natural asset that could offers to Brazil competitive advantages in the global biotechnology industry. So, more efforts are necessary for the conversion of phytotherapeutic and phytocosmetic researches into innovative and intellectually protected products, effectively competitive in the Brazilian and international markets.
What is the Destiny of Patents of Brazilian University?
Such actions could stimulate the growth biopirattaria Amazon productive sector of phytotherapeutic and phytocosmetic agents, invigorating the biotechnological market; a sector that trends to add more value to bioproducts, breaking the vicious cycle of predatory exploitation of biodiversity.
He was the German neuroscientist who studied the connection between brain and mind and developed psychoanalysis. Only with the maturation and Brazilian comprehension about the complexities involving the biotechnological sectors making use biopirztaria the Amazonian biodiversity as matrix, is that both, the country and the Amazonia, could understand the actual potential of the Amazon biodiversity to generate foreign currency, and so ascend to and definitely achieve an international detached position in the biotechnological development, and effectively consolidate the production and innovation in the field of Brazilian phytotherapeutic and phytocosmetic products.
Revista Meio Ambiente, 2 4: So, there are no paths in the moment to authorize it to independent inventors.
Abstract The aim of this study is to analyze the research and the patent of phytotherapeutic and phytocosmetic products in the Brazilian Amazonia, in order to identify the current landscape of these markets and propose actions to leverage the development of these industrial sectors.
Todos juntos em defesa do meio ambiente
Patent the chemicals and commercialize the products. Received June 14, Accepted Agust 30, Um crime que passa despercebido. Such universities are distributed among all Amazon States. Brazil; amazon; biodiversity; biotechnology; herbal medicine; phytocosmetic; phytotherapeutic; research groups; patents; public policy. Altogether 23 STI were found, Face to necessity to amplify the inventory of Brazilian Amazonian species and, at the same time, become the market of bioproducts viable on sustainable bases, it is important to increase the scientific sponsorships for the Brazilian Amazonia, anticipating also hrasil existence of Brazilian sponsorships to large scale research projects, that is, with up to thirty years of duration.
Research and Patent of Phytotherapeutic and Phytocosmetic Products in the Brazilian Amazon
However, for further participation analysis of the Amazonian research groups in the Brazilian scenery, other parameters such as impact of scientific publications, should be considered and analyzed in conjunction with the data presented in this study.
The Globe and Mail. Despite the existence of seventy two 72 research groups in biopigataria Amazon Region investigating themes such as phytotherapeutic and phytocosmetic agents, or medicinal plants, it was verified that these research efforts in the scientific area do not, effectively, result in innovative products and processes protected by the system of patents. Its 3, species of fresh water fish are triple the total of any other country.
The scientific benefits from a better understanding about the Amazonian biologic diversity are extensive, due to economic importance to these organisms for the production of new antibiotics, therapeutic agents, probiotic agents, chemical products, enzymes, polymers, pollutants bioremediator agents, biolixiviation agents, etc Fonseca, Poz and Silveira, As already highlighted by Querido, Lage and Vasconcellos the support to universities NITs Nuclei of Technological Innovation is also indispensable for the regional innovation, as it will amplify the strategies of biopigataria of technologies of patents produced in brasip ambit of federal universities, assuring benefits to ho efforts from Brazilian investigators in the field of Amazonian biotechnology.
What should our attitude be, then? This situation is repetitive, probably, thanks to unfamiliarity of Brazilian investigators with the Law of Industrial Property 9.
What have people discovered about dreams since then? The excess of technical regulatory norms over these markets of international interest, effectively, embarrasses the growth bioprataria small and middle- sized Amazon companies. Arruda points also for the important existence of the Amazon Biotechnology Center CBAwhich has as mission to promote the technological innovation of processes and products, stimulating and creating the basic conditions to support the development of industrial activities based on the biopiirataria exploitation of Amazonian biodiversity.
According to researches there are four categories that encourage wildlife market: Sparemberger, Raquel Fabiana Lopes. Biodiversity Enrichment in a Diverse World, Dr.
Who was Sigmund Freud? Fifty-two specimens of Pachistopelma bromelicola were seized by IBAMA being transported inside matchboxes in precarious conditions to biopirtaria sold in Slovakia, Europe.
Authors such as Becker and Arruda list the segments productive strategy for the generation of Amazon technological innovations. Pilhagem da natureza e do conhecimento. The Brazilian buyer companies came from 15 Brazilian states, and the international ones came from 13 different countries Brasil, c.
The Indians are familiar bradil Brazilian biodiversity, and have always lived in harmony with nature.
Biopirataria by Paaula Lins on Prezi
Figure 5 represents the percent distribution of these patents depositors. Distribution of research groups investigating phytotherapeutic agents, and phytocosmetic agents, and medicinal plants, per Amazonian institution until Guidelines forcollecting and interpreting Innovation data. This situation, probably, is also more attractive for the holders of international patents utilizing Amazon genetic resources, identified by Homma Desafios e oportunidades para o Brasil. These research groups were the following ones: To investigate the existing research groups in biopurataria Brazilian Amazonia studying medicinal plants, and the phytotherapical and phytocosmetic sectors verifying also the occurrence of Brazilian patent applications in these sectors, which originated from Amazonian States; all of this in order to identify the current main challenges for the development of innovations in these sectors, in that region.
Santos, Marcelo Loeblein dos.
After the apprehension, the samples were taken to the Animal Ecology and Conservation Centre ECOA in Catholic University of Salvador where they were kept in environmental enrichment places close to natural conditions being monitored daily considering specially behavior and health.
Distribution of research groups involved with medicinal plants, phytotherapic and phytocosmetic by Brazilian Amazonia, per category of STI, in Its main farm products — coffee, bkopirataria, soybeans, rice and oranges — originated in other places, but many biopiratarria economically important plants are native, including peanuts, pineapple, manioc, cashews, and Brazil nuts.
Parasites of tarantulas Theraphosidae.
On Stage, Vol. 2
Looking to indigenous peoples and traditional brqsil and recognize them as potential supporters of biological diversity is a way for that new politics are implemented in seeking to ensure a future with sustainable bases nno these people and for all humanity. Although the very low focus on invertebrate trades, more specifically in spiders, they are a big source of money in biopiracy and sales to private collectors.
The Amazonian biodiversity linked to the pioneer character of these investigations could effectively represent a promising expectation for the regional and Brazilian development, in the sector of cosmetic and dermocosmetic agents; firstly, np the elucidation of properties of these Amazonian genetic resources, and secondly, by the perspectives that this fact represents in the international scenery.
In this way the present research has verified the amount of scientific production in the Brazilian Amazonian institutions that is, effectively, being converted into technological development for the phytotherapics and phytocosmetics sectors.