resistance to earth of a plate R in ohms (code of practice earthing history First published as CP First published as BS BS Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical installations. 16/22 Total Solution to Earthing & Lightning Protection | 9AKKA Technical BS Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical.
|Published (Last):||5 April 2013|
|PDF File Size:||3.87 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.31 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Customers who bought this product also bought BS EN It covers earthing system design parameters for structures, electrical equipment and systems. Earthing systems should consist of copper conductors, copper clad or austenitic steel rods of appropriate dimensions, cast iron plates, or steel piles used individually or connected together in combination to form a single or earth electrode system.
The resistance to earth of a given electrode depends upon the electrical resistivity of the soil. It is important to ensure electrical continuity between all metalwork considered to be part of the electrode. An earthing system should be of the highest integrity and of robust construction to ensure that it remains safe and will not endanger the health and safety of persons or their surroundings.
Therefore, the various factors which affect the resistance practiice earth and fault current capacity of the buried conductor, designated the earth electrode, should be considered.
The minimum ground cover should not be less than mm and ideally the surrounding soil should be damp. There are many configurations that can be set out under this heading, but a few of those which one is most likely to try first in order to achieve the required value are included especially when dealing eartjing deep reinforced piles, etc.
This is one of the best design reference i have seen. Please download Chrome or Firefox or view our browser tips.
BS +A Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical installations
Chemical treatment of soil has environmental implications and should not be considered as a long term solution in order to meet a specified level of resistance, apart from the risk of corrosion to the earthling system.
Connections to the plate should be by copper conductor, welded, riveted or otherwise attached with material that will not cause corrosion at the joint.
It should be noted that environmental conditions such as temperature have an impact on or resistivity with a corresponding decrease in resistivity as temperature rises. To obtain a low overall resistance the current density should be as low as possible pracrice the medium surrounding the electrode.
Corrosion of concrete encased steelwork, subject to a. Facebook Linkedin Google Plus Twitter.
Overview Product Details What is this standard about? Soil temperature has some effect on the upper layers of strata, but is only important under frosty conditions. The value of resistance required might not always be amenable to an automatically set prqctice.
Measurements and Calculations Of Earth Electrode Systems (BS ) | EEP
Manish Darji Feb 26, The connecting strip to the above ground disconnection point should be fully insulated to avoid electrolytic action. It also defines selection parameters for the earthibg arrangements and makes clear the need for careful consideration of various site conditions such as soil composition and resistivity. In particular, continuous earth currents should be given attention. Wherever significant continuous earth leakage current is expected, it is recommended that a main electrode of the types described in previous section be provided to which the foundation electrodes can be bonded to provide auxiliary electrodes, thus giving assistance to high fault currents.
Where the structure is supported on many similar footings, it may farthing considered feasible and more satisfactory to measure the resistance of one footing before it is electrically connected to othersand before there are earthung other electrically paralleled footings close by.
Earhhing content is copyrighted to EEP and may not be reproduced on other websites. It is therefore important to recognize this issue if a long horizontal tape or bare cable is being considered for producing a low earth resistanceeven though the impedance will ultimately be limited to a final value see Figure 4.
Therefore any part of an electrode system which is less that 0. Thus a pipe rod or strip has a much lower resistance than a plate of equal surface area. This requires careful assembly during installation to ensure that the bottom of the plate is resting in the medium used and not on the chalk or high earthong substrata. Codf current should not be expected to cause corrosion, but, rectification sufficient to produce a very small proportion of direct current might take place.
This applies particularly to surfaces which might have been primed before assembly. The resistance R should be taken as the ratio of the voltage between the inner electrodes and the current between the outer electrodes.
However, onsite resistivity testing should always be carried out prior to carrying out an earth system design and installation. Click to learn more. Columns 2 and 3 relate to most of the British Isles, but column 5 is more specific to marshy flats around river estuaries.
Take the smart route to manage medical device compliance. The majority of the formulae presented in this section relate to low frequency currents and high frequency examples are not included. Foundation metalwork in codr may be used as a ready made and effective earth electrode.