transmitting other pathogens between plants. Cassytha filiformis L. is a leafless, climbing, twining, vine-like, autoparasitic and plant-hyperparasitic phanero-. C. filiformis is a parasitic vine with a pan-tropical distribution (GBIF, ). It is primarily a plant of coastal areas, where it may become. Cassytha filiformis L. (Lauraceae), a medicinal plant is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, African trypanosomiasis and many other related diseases.

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University of California Press, Berkeley.

Cassytha filiformis – Wikipedia

Impact on Habitats C. The species has a native pantropical distribution encompassing the AmericasIndomalayaAustralasiaPolynesia and tropical Africa [2] [3] In the Caribbean region, it is one of several plants known as “Love vine” because it has a reputation as an aphrodisiac. Histochemical and biochemical studies of parasite-host interaction of Cassytha filiformis Linn. This species may have medicinal properties. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2: Stems produce numerous haustoria which fliiformis nutrients from the host plant and perhaps other stems of the parasite.

National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. It is quite likely to be introduced deliberately as a medicinal plant, as a cultural accessory, or simply as a curiosity see Cassgtha. Invasive Species Report, 3 7. The latter twine round the leaves or stems of hosts, forming quite regularly-spaced haustoria.


The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. The fruits sink in fresh water but float in salt water Filiformls et al.

Hardy; McClure, Susan A. Soil for nurseries or gardens should not be collected close to C.

Stamens 9, arranged in 3 whorls with an innermost or fourth whorl made up of staminodes; filaments of the first and second whorls c. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Inner tepals about 2 mm long.

Environment and Ecology, 16 2: Seedling glabroustwining or meandering. There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: An flliformis version is also available. The whole plant, but especially the stem, contains a series of alkaloids, tannins, saponins and leucanthocyanins. Heavy infestations of C. Other tree crops reported to be damaged include mango, citrus, nutmeg, avocado, sandalwood, camphor trees Cinnamomum camphora and coconut.

The useful native plants of Australia: Flowers sessileabout 2. Flowers are borne in spikes or sometimes solitary. Lauraceae in the Bahamas.

Regarding pollination, Weber did not observe any particular insects on the flowers of C. As a parasite, C.

During germination, the cotyledons remain fully intact inside the seed coat. Queeensland, Emu Park, Dec. Plant Disease Leaflet PD Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil texture heavy light medium Special soil tolerances saline. Radicles are tuberous, swollen and whitish-green. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Proceedings of the first symposium on the botany of the Bahamas June 11—14, Some arthropod pests and a semi-parasitic plant attacking neem Azadirachta indica in Kenya.


Parasitic Weeds of the World: National Plant Data Center. Fire has also been suggested but will of course also cassythx the host plants Nelson, Host specificity of Cassytha filiformis and C. Synergistic effect of insect herbivory and plant parasitism on the performance of the invasive tree Schinus terebinthifolius. Twigs produce haustoria which penetrate the tissues of the host plant. It has been noted, however, that the seeds may persist for some years in a dormant state Mahadevan and Jayasuriya, a.

Leaves small, cassgtha, about 0. Wikispecies has information related to Cassytha filiformis. Damage to Pinus massoniana caused by a parasitic seed-plant, Cassytha filiformis.

Cassytha filiformis

It is primarily a plant of coasta Cassytha americana Nees Cassytha americana var. Flowers greenish-white, sessile, 1. De la Harpe et al. Some sources suggest that there is phloem connection between C.