The basic laws of human stupidity [Carlo M Cipolla] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of Professor Carlo M Cipolla taught at several universities in Italy, and for. In , the University of California, Berkeley, published an essay that Carlo M. Cipolla, a professor of economic history wrote, which outlines.

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The second essay, The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity[1] [2] [3] explores the controversial subject of stupidity. Stupid people are seen as a groupmore powerful by stupidiry than major organizations such as the Mafia and the industrial complexwhich without regulations, leaders or manifesto nonetheless stupidlty to operate to great effect and with incredible coordination.

A helpless person may occasionally behave intelligently and on occasion he may perform a bandit’s action. If we study the percentage of stupid among the janitors who clean the classrooms after the students and teachers left, we find that is much higher than we thought.

It is extremely difficult to explain why this should happen and one can only remark that when confronted with stupid individuals often intelligent men as well as bandits make the mistake of indulging in feelings of self-complacency and contemptuousness instead of immediately secreting adequate quantities of adrenaline and building up defenses.

The perfect bandit is one who, with his actions, causes to other individuals losses equal to his gains. Although convinced that fraction of human beings are stupid and that they are so because of genetic traits, I am not a reactionary trying to reintroduce surreptitiously class or race discrimination. An intelligent person may understand the logic of a bandit.

The basico laws of human stupidity

Next week, I will tell how some physicists, inspired by Cipolla’s work on stupidity, have come up with an improved way to choose politicians. Intelligent people contribute to society and who leverage their contributions into reciprocal benefits. I stop with a little hope: You have no rational way of telling if and when and how and why the stupid creature attacks.


Cipolla August 15, — September 5, was an Italian economic historian. His essay about stupidity encompasses all those other topics, and perhaps all of human experience. It may be parenthetically added here that of the Five Basic Laws, the Fifth is certainly the best known and its corollary is quoted very frequently.

The Women’s Liberation Movement will support the Second Basic Law as it shows that stupid individuals are proportionately as numerous among men as among women.

If all members of a society were perfect bandits the society would remain cpolla but there would be no major disaster. Stupidity is related to area S and to all positions on axis Y below point O. The individuals who fall in this area are those whose actions yield to them gains inferior to the losses inflicted to other people.

It came round about by way of reader Sam Keen, who sent to the UK a thin stupixity monograph printed anonimously in mid in Bologna, Italy. Thus the society as a whole is impoverished. Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid individuals.

Under certain circumstances a given person acts intelligently and under different circumstances the same person will act helplessly. In this regard, Nature seems indeed to have outdone herself. Such a manoeuvre cannot but have disastrous effects because a it is based on a complete misunderstanding of the essential nature of stupidity and b it gives the stupid person added scope for the exercise of his gifts.

No other set of observable phenomena offers such striking proof of the powers of Nature.

We also recollect cases in which a fellow took an action which resulted in his loss and our gain: Stupid people whose efforts are counterproductive to both their and others’ interests. Countries moving uphill have an inevitable percentage of stupid people, yes. The definitive essay on the subject is younger. A stupid creature will harass you for no reason, for no advantage, without any plan or scheme and at the most improbable times and places. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

So bewildered was I by the results, that I made a special point to extend my research to a specially selected group, to a real elite, the Nobel laureates. If Tom takes an action and suffers a loss while producing a gain to Dick, Tom’s mark will fall in field H: A full understanding of the Fifth Basic Law is essential to the analysis.


If we draw a diagonal line between the axes, we see that the whole area which is located at the top right of this line corresponds to an improvement in the total budget of the system, while the events and people on the other side are associated with a deterioration.

Prof. Cipolla’s theory on stupidity

We all recollect occasions in which a fellow took an action which resulted in his gain and our loss: Topics Research Improbable research. These people may very possibly be too considered to tell me the truth. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

The X axis measures the benefits derived from their actions. Even by using his values to measure his gains but still using your values to measure your losses he falls in the B 2 area very close to the border of sheer stupidity. The militant feminists will get angry, but the percentage of stupid is the same in both sexes or all sexes depending on how they are defined.

The basico laws of human stupidity : Carlo Cipolla :

We firmly believe that this belongs into any reality cracker’s quiver, and that the best onor to the Author and the best chance that anyone will “buy” his other texts frankly also equally easy to find in many “grey” areas of Internet, but waay less interesting is to allow this nice little essay to be spread around as originally clearly intended by Professor Cipolla himself.

In fact the historical analysis allows us to reformulate the theoretical conclusions in a more factual way and with more realistic detail.

But upon thoughtful reflection you must admit that these are not the events which punctuate most frequently our daily life.