A) Convenzione internazionale di Torremolinos del 2 aprile sulla . A. 38) Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite aperta alla firma a Montego Bay il The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Location, Montego Bay, Jamaica. Effective, 16 November United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). (Montego Bay, 10 December ). PREAMBLE. PART I. INTRODUCTION. Article 1. Use of terms.

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In taking the measures called for in paragraphs 3 and 4 each State is required to mpntego to generally accepted international regulations, procedures and practices and to take any steps which may be necessary to secure their observance. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Article50 Delimitation of internal waters Within its archipelagic waters, the archipelagic State may draw closing lines for the delimitation of internal waters, in accordance with articles 9, 10 and Ships shall sail under the flag of one State only and, save in exceptional cases expressly provided for in international treaties or in this Convention, shall be subject to its exclusive jurisdiction on the high seas.

Entry into force Article Sea lanes and traffic separation schemes in straits used for international navigation Article The courts of the State which carried out the seizure may decide upon the penalties to be imposed, and may also determine the action to be taken with regard to the ships, aircraft or property, subject to the rights of third parties acting in good faith.

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With respect to such fishing beyond the outer limits of the exclusive economic zone, States concerned shall maintain consultations with a view to achieving agreement on terms and conditions of such fishing giving due regard to the conservation requirements and the needs of the State of origin in respect of these stocks. The coastal State shall delineate the outer limits of its continental shelf, where that shelf extends convenzlone nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured, by straight lines not exceeding 60 nautical miles in length, connecting fixed points, defined by coordinates of latitude and longitude.

Such baselines shall not be drawn to and from low-tide mojtego, unless lighthouses or similar installations which are permanently above sea level have been built on them or where a low-tide elevation is situated wholly or partly at a distance not exceeding the breadth of the territorial sea from the nearest island.


The State of origin of anadromous stocks and other States fishing these stocks shall make arrangements for the implementation of the provisions of this article, where appropriate, through regional organizations. Article60 Artificial islands, installations and convenzilne in the exclusive economic zone 1. All States shall cooperate in the suppression of unauthorized broadcasting from the high seas.

General criteria and guidelines Article Scientific and technical assistance to developing States Article convennzione Article Illicit traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances 1. Non-compliance by warships with the laws and regulations of the coastal State Article The coastal State and other States whose nationals fish in the region cnovenzione the highly migratory species listed in Annex I shall cooperate directly or through appropriate international organizations with a view to ensuring conservation and promoting the objective of optimum utilization of such species throughout the region, both within and beyond the exclusive economic zone.

Provisional convejzione Article However, it shall not apply to any break or injury caused by persons who acted merely with the legitimate object of saving their lives or their ships, after having taken all necessary precautions to avoid such break or injury. It is uncertain as to what extent the Convention codifies customary international law. Article51 Existing agreements, traditional fishing rights and existing submarine cables 1. Seizure of a pirate ship or aircraft Article Disclosure of information Article Article58 Rights and duties of other States in the exclusive economic zone 1.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Reservation of areas Article 9. No charge may be levied upon foreign ships by reason only of their passage through the territorial sea.

Any slave taking refuge on board any ship, whatever its flag, shall ipso facto be free. Default of appearance Article Functions of arbitral tribunal Article 5. It mandated that key articles, including those on limitation of seabed production and mandatory technology transfer, would not be applied, that the United States, if it became a member, would be guaranteed a seat on the Council of the International Seabed Authority, and finally, that voting would be done in groups, with each group able to block decisions on substantive matters.

Criminal jurisdiction on covnenzione a foreign ship Article Article83 Delimitation of the continental shelf between States with opposite or adjacent coasts 1. Every State shall take such measures for ships flying its flag as are necessary to ensure safety at sea with regard, inter aliato: Article18 Meaning of passage 1.

The foregoing provision does not preclude the States concerned from obtaining technical or financial assistance from third States or international organizations in order to facilitate the exercise of the rights pursuant covnenzione articles 69 and 70, provided that it does not have the effect referred to in paragraph 1.


Article41 Sea lanes and traffic separation schemes in straits used for international navigation 1.

Convenzione di Montego Bay – testo inglese

If the distance between omntego low-water marks of the natural entrance points of a bay does not exceed 24 nautical miles, a closing line may be drawn between these two low-water marks, and the waters enclosed thereby shall be considered as internal waters. These freedoms shall be exercised by all States with due regard for the interests of other States in their exercise of the freedom of the high seas, and also with due regard for the rights under this Convention with respect to activities in the Area.

The rights of the coastal State over the continental shelf do not depend on occupation, effective or notional, or on any express proclamation. Free zones and other customs facilities Article The length of such baselines shall not exceed nautical miles, except that up to 3 per cent of the cconvenzione number of baselines enclosing any archipelago may exceed that length, up to a maximum length of nautical miles.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea – Wikipedia

The baselines drawn in accordance with this article shall be shown on charts of a scale or scales adequate for ascertaining their position.

Nothing in this article affects the establishment of the outer limits of the continental shelf in accordance with Part VI or the validity of agreements relating to delimitation between States with opposite or adjacent coasts. Article8 Internal waters 1.

Right of access to and from the sea and freedom of transit Article Article Definition of a pirate ship or monteto A ship or aircraft is considered a pirate ship or aircraft if it is intended by the persons in dominant control to be used for the purpose of committing one of the acts referred to in article Activities in the Area shall be governed by the provisions of conveznione Part.

Ships have the nationality of the State whose flag they are entitled to fly.