La incidencia de estrabismo adquirido del adulto no asociado con problemas paralíticos está en aumento. Existe una fuerte asociación entre los trastornos de la. Esotropia with nystagmus” is a distinct congenital or infantile syndrome, whose analysis revealed the following three elements: 1. Pathological convergence. La prevalencia del estrabismo se estima en torno a un % de la población, con una presencia 3 veces superior de endotropía frente a la.

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Patients whose medical records did not possess all the necessary information were excluded from the research.

Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

This has also contributed to the fact that over half the surgeries needed interventions in more than two extraocular muscles. Prevalence of squints and visual defects in Malaysian primary one school children.

Final report of the early vs. These surgeries require a more elaborated planning and are technically more difficult. Results surgeries were performed in the period under study.

BOTOX – Estrabismo by Mireille Montaño on Prezi

Acquired palsy of the oculomotor, trochlear and abducens nerves. It is difficult to compare the findings of the present study to other research, due to the methodological variability across the studies, to the fact that few studies investigated surgical strabismus alone, 13, 14and to the lack of standardization in the classification of strabismus. Re-surgeries accounted for The prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in Japanese elementary school children.

Common forms of childhood esotropia. Epidemiology of surgical strabismus in Saudi Arabia. The relationship between preoperative alignment stability and postoperative motor outcomes in children with esotropia.


.: Portal da SBO – Sociedade Brasileira de Oftalmologia :.

This number is lower than the one seen in the literaturewhich might be due to good results obtained by the first surgery, to a difficulty faced by patients in following up on their treatments due to socioeconomic issues, or to lower standards regarding esthetic results among the population under study Strabismus surgery learning for ophthalmology residents of university service.

This may either reflect a difficulty in gaining quick access to healthcare services, or a lack of qualified professionals and resources to perform an earlier surgery; further research is needed for a better understanding of this issue. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. The type of surgery was determined by the number of muscles operated on up to two, or more than twothe involvement of oblique and vertical rectus muscles, and muscle displacement.

Most surgical cases showed associated deviations, which renders programming and performing the surgery more complex. Strabismus was classified into three main types esotropia, exotropia, and pure vertical deviationand their subtypes. Negative social bias against children with strabismus.

Among the patients who underwent surgery before they were 10 years old, that ratio was 5. The involvement of oblique and vertical rectus muscles, the displacement of the rectus muscle, and the number of re-surgeries were also considered.

An association with at least one more type of deviation was seen in An association between different types of deviation was found in The most frequent subtype of esotropia was infantile Professionals with a less specific training in the treatment of strabismus may feel that they are only able to operate the simplest cases, usually involving rectus and horizontal muscles only.


Common forms of childhood strabismus in an incidence cohort. Incomplete records were excluded from the study.

Retrospective cross-sectional review of medical records of patients who underwent strabismus surgery performed by the same surgeon from to Psychosocial aspects of strabismus study. ET, XT, and pure vertical deviation. XT accounted for Likewise, we observed that there was an increased demand for surgeries involving oblique muscles, vertical rectus muscles and displacement techniques.

Introduction Treatment for strabismus may be either clinical, optical, or involving an association of techniques, and its purpose is to preserve and ensure adequate visual development, recover binocular vision, and establish ocular parallelism. Additionally, most cases of accommodative ET may be corrected with plus lenses 11, 19 and do not need surgery, therefore not being widely represented among the subjects of this study 11,19 Regarding XT subtypes, we found trends similar to those found in other studies.

New studies will be necessary in order to clarify this dstrabismos. Patients were grouped into age brackets according to their ages at the time of surgery, and following the same division employed in the study of Curtis et al.