In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.

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The large dark eyes are placed high on the head and the small, rounded ears are hidden in the fur. It is found throughout the country, in the mountains at altitudes of up to 2 m [1].

European Souslik | New Forest Wildlife Park

Alashan ground squirrel S. Ekropean does not settle in arable areas, although it enters them for feeding [2]. Information materials have been prepared slogans, brochures, billboards about the necessity for its preservation.

Although the European ground squirrel lives in burrows in loosely structured populations, it is not an exceptionally social or territorial species 2. The European souslik Spermophilus citellus is endemic to Europe.

The colonies maintain sentinels who whistle at the sight of a predator, bringing the pack scurrying back to safety. The European souslik Spermophilus citellus is a ground dwelling living in burrows rodent resembling the squirrel but with the tail far shorter and thinner and the body colour of mottled ochre-yellow.

In some habitats it might be also an important consumer of primary production able to limit spreading of some plant species, including invasive plants, such as the Silver-leaved Nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium. As a consequence of the rapid loss of suitable habitat, the population is becoming severely fragmented, whilst its range is retracting, particularly in the west 1.


They are social animals that inhabit sometimes complicated tunnel systems. X Close Image credit. Invertebrates Animals with no backbone.

European Souslik

The diet of the European souslik consists primarily of plant material, including nuts, seeds, and grains; however, individuals may also consume small invertebrates, small vertebrates, and bird’s eggs.

Being diurnal and social, the souslik is a good species for educational purposes and an ideal ambassador for its threatened grassland habitat. All species within the genus have sizeable internal cheek pouches for carrying food 3. Fr En Es Members’ Area. A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. European ground squirrel biology Although the European ground squirrel lives in burrows in loosely structured populations, it is not an exceptionally social or territorial species 2.

It forms within-populational local groupings “colonies”occupying an area of ha, in rare cases ha, within which the separate animals inhabit overlapping individual areas and maintain a system of nesting and shelter holes [2, 3, 4]. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

That the European souslik is the only European representative of the genus Spermophilus?

European ground squirrel Conservation status. Glossary Endemic A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area. European ground squirrel Spermophilus citellus. Gunnison’s prairie dog C. Citellus declared in that the species is threatened over most of its range.

The major part of critical threats to European souslik is linked to agriculture — the most important factor shaping the current habitats of S.


Unlike many other ground squirrels, it does not stock-pile food but must soulsik on doubling its body mass to see it through the long winter 2 3. The European ground squirrel belongs to a genus commonly referred to as the sousliks, with representatives spread throughout the northern hemisphere from California to China 3.

The European ground squirrel generally has short yellowish fur but the back is tinged distinctly grey with dense cream spots 2 3. This includes a range of natural and artificial habitats such as steppe grassland, pasture, vineyards, sports fields and golf courses 1.

In preparation they will build up reserves souwlik brown fat during the late summer. It breeds once yearly.

Steppe Semi-arid grassland with few trees. The current species range is divided souslk two by the Carpathian Mountains. It is undoubtedly an important natural element of the steppic grassland ecosystem.

European Souslik, European Ground Squirrel

Historically, its western boundary extended into southeast Germany 1 2. World Association of Zoos and Aquariums November, http: Ground squirrels tend to have stout, low-slung bodies, resting upon short legs, and a well-furred tail measuring about a third the length of the body 2 3 4. Retrieved 27 December Why do zoos keep this animal The European souslik has lost a significant part of its habitat and has disappeared from many places within its former range.

They are almost entirely diurnal animals.