Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control PDF – Free download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Tag Archives: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control – IP On a big scale this is known as Farmscaping, and you can read about it in. Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control. $ This publication contains information about increasing and managing biodiversity on a farm to favor.

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Geoff Zehnder, Clemson University. The timing is critical — destruction too early or too late can negate the trap crop effects or even result in mass pest migration to the cash crop. For example goldenrod and fennel can be planted to harbor aphids that serve as hosts for early-season predator species.

Parasitic and predatory insects faarmscaping extrafloral nectaries as food sources and mating sites.

Insectary plants like mustards interplanted with market crops provide pollen and nectar to attract and maintain beneficial insects in the crop landscape.

A trap crop is a crop that is planted to lure insect pests away from the cash crop. Therefore, a flexible approach is needed to be able to adjust beneficial habitat according to weather conditions.

Another good pollen producer is the corn plant. Welcome This is where you can find research-based information from America’s land-grant universities enhanxe by eXtension.

(fwd) New: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control [ATTRA]

Interplantings of non-host crops may also act as a food source or habitat for beneficial organisms. These plants have small, open flowers that are accessible to the tiny mouthparts of small, parasitic wasps.


Farmscaping to enhance biological control: Livestock producers will tell you that their animals are healthier and reproduce more readily when provided an adequate and nutritious diet. Pest management systems conttol [Online]. Flowers that provide pollen.

(fwd) New: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control [ATTRA]

Observation and experience are the most valuable tools in this regard. Farmscaping is a whole-farm, ecological approach to increase and manage biodiversity with the goal of increasing the presence of beneficial organisms. This is where you can find research-based information from America’s land-grant universities enabled by eXtension.

Both practices serve to increase biodiversity and make the habitat less suitable for pest development. More research is needed to understand the complex interactions among pests, natural enemies, and mixed crop habitats. Consider the Area to be Farmscaped. An easy way to add Umbeliferae to the farmscape is to buy carrots or parsnips at the market with the tops on and plant them in the farmscape. A recent study on the effects of non-host companion plants on host finding by the cabbage root fly and onion fly demonstrated that companion plant odor had little or no effect, but that plant size, leaf area and color were the most important factors in disrupting host location.

Ecological engineering for pest management: To attract small parasitic wasps or ladybugs with a much more limited range, it is necessary to establish food bological in several areas of bioloogical proximity to the crop.

Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control | Horticulture International

This is an eOrganic article and was reviewed for compliance with National Organic Program regulations by members of the eOrganic community. Remember also that farmscaping plants can add value beyond biological control.


However, using this approach without knowledge of key pests and the interaction among plants, pests and natural enemies may lead to failure. Simply adding attractive flowering plants to the farmscape without knowledge of the biology and behavior of key pest and natural enemy species will not result in effective biological control.

Trap crops were originally designed to be used in conventional systems where insecticides could be used to kill the pests in the trap crop. In a pest management context companion plants are usually added to deter or repel pests. This term is used because we are providing food and habitat biopogical the top animals in the food chain, the predators and parasites.

Farmscaping: Making Use of Nature’s Pest Management Services

For example, fennel enhancs colored yarrow varieties can be sold as cut flowers. If planting as a market crop, let some plants go to seed and overwinter to provide an abundance of flowers next season. This requires some information-gathering and management skill on the part of the grower, but this investment can result in the following benefits:.

There are many different approaches and strategies in farmscaping. Resources Find all of our great resources for organic farming. Weather variations from year to year may strongly influence whether a particular management practice is effective.