GENERALIZATION SPECIALIZATION AGGREGATION IN DBMS PDF

Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation in ER Model – GeneralizationGeneralization is a process of generalizing an entity which. Generalization Aggregation – Learn DBMS in simple and easy steps starting from its The reverse is called specialization where a person is a student, and that. Generalization Aggregation – The concept of generalization (specialization) is associated with special types of entities known as superclasses and subclasses, .

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Conglomeration is the procedure of ordering data on an item, in this way abstracting a larger amount object.

The Enhanced ER Model

Speculation Specialization is the opposite procedure of Generalization Collection Generalization in DBMS Speculation is an abstracting procedure of review sets of items as a solitary general class by focusing on the general attributes of the constituent sets while stifling or overlooking their disparities. Specialization is opposite to Generalization.

In the diagram above, the relationship between Center and Course together, is specializatino as an Entity, which is in relationship with another entity Visitor. But in a company, persons can be identified as employee, employer, customer, or vendor, based on what role they play in the company.

A person has name, date of birth, gender, etc. In generalization, a number of entities are brought together into one generalized aggfegation based on their similar characteristics.

Answered on 24th Jul,95 Views. The entity shall be a student, and further, the student is a person.

Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation in ER Model

A distinct sub-grouping of occurrences of an entity type that require being represented in a data agregation. Specialization is the opposite of generalization. The ER Model has the capability of articulating database entities in a conceptual hierarchical manner. Such an entity-set is treated in the same manner as any other entity-set. The details of entities are aggregatuon hidden from the user; this process known as abstraction. Specialization might be seen as the opposite procedure of Generalization.

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We use all the above features of ER-Model in order to create classes of objects in object-oriented programming.

The relationship between a superclass and a subclass is one-to-one 1: In generalization, some entities are accommodated together into one generalized entity or category based on their similar characteristics. Going up in this structure is called generalizationwhere entities are clubbed together to represent a more generalized view. Going up in this structure is called generalization, where entities are associated together to represent a more generalized view.

It is a top-down approach in which one higher level entity can be broken down into two lower level entity. In basic terms, Generalization is a procedure of removing normal attributes from two or more classes and joining them into a summed up superclass.

For example, pigeon, house sparrow, crow and dove can all be generalized as Birds. Another type of total says that it is abstracting a relationship in the middle of articles and survey the relationship as an item. The concept of generalization specialization is associated with special types of entities known as superclasses and subclasses, and the process of attribute inheritance.

Generalization Generalization is a bottom-up approach in which two lower level entities combine to form a higher level entity. A generalization is a bottom-up approach. In specialization, a group of entities is divided into sub-groups based on their characteristics. In this way, the two deliberation instruments used to model data: Hence, as part of the Enhanced ER Modelalong with other improvements, three new concepts were added to the existing ER Model, they were:.

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Notation of Generalization Generalization is represented by a triangle with a line. As the hierarchy goes up, it generalizes the view of entities, and as we go deep in the hierarchy, it gives us the detail of every entity included. The reverse is called specialization where a person is a student, and that student is Mira. Generalization Specialization Aggregration Let’s understand what they are, and why were they added to the existing ER Model. Comments Edit Question Edit Categories.

In simple words, aggregation is a process where the relation between two entities is treated as a single entity. For example, a particular student named Mira can be generalized along with all the students. Speculation is an abstracting procedure of review sets of items as a solitary general class by focusing on the general attributes of the constituent sets while stifling geheralization overlooking their disparities.

Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation in DBMS

Sometimes you may want to model a ‘has-a,’ ‘is-a’ or ‘is-part-of’ relationship, in which one entity represents a larger entity the ‘whole’ that will consist of smaller entities the ‘parts’. Aggregation represents relationship between a whole object and its component.

The entity that is created will contain the common features. Aggregration is a process when relation between two entities is treated as a single entity. In basic terms, a gathering of substances in specialization can be classified into sub-bunches in view of their attributes.