The Beliefs about Language Learning Inventory (BALLI): Teacher Version. This version adapted with Horwitz, E. K. (). Becoming a language teacher: A. Re-examining Horwitz’s Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) in the Malaysian .. She acknowledged that the themes in her questionnaire were. It is concluded that development of the BALLI marked the beginning of . four items adapted from the Beliefs About Language Learning questionnaire (Horwitz, .

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A Comparison of EFL Teachers and Students’ Beliefs about Language Learning

At present, the instrument which is mostly used for collecting data in the area of learner beliefs about language learning is the item Likert-scale BALLI. The questionnaire was not translated into Persian, but the participants filled it in with hogwitz presence of the researchers.

For collecting data from the students, the researcher distributed the instrument during class time preceded by a brief explanation of the purpose and the nature of the study.

Beliefs about the nature of quetsionnaire learning, the role of the teacher, the role of feedback, language learning strategies, and self-efficacy were examined through surveys. Their norwitz ranged from 25 to 39 with an average age of None of the teachers and students disagree or strongly disagree that they want to speak English very well. The researchers also carried out an independent-samples t -test to compare the overall beliefs scores of teachers and students.

Cummingscited in Richards, points out:. This is shown in Table 7.

For collecting data from the questionnairee, the researchers distributed the instrument to 91 teachers and explained the purpose and nature of the study, but only 80 teachers responded to the questionnaire. Table 1 consists of nine items 1, 2, 6, 10, 11, 16, 19, 30, and 33 which dealt with foreign language aptitude.

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Motivations and Expectations Concerning motivation and expectations, Table 5 provides the results for six items 5, 20, 24, 29, 31, Perhaps this is due to the teaching methods and structure of Iranian English books which follow behaviorism. This can be seen in Table 6. Concerning motivation and expectations, Table 5 provides the results for six items 5, 20, 24, 29, 31, The questionnaire was administered to the chosen students and teachers in English.


The majority of the teachers and students Peacock carried out a longitudinal study that explored changes in beliefs about second language learning of trainee ESL teachers. Those language learners, who believe this may blame a lack of intelligence for their lack of progress and success, an unjustifiable assumption which leads to frustration and dissatisfaction.

For example, a majority of students agree with the following items: This paper reports on a study that investigated language learning beliefs of intermediate and upper intermediate EFL students 74 females and 26 males with an average age of 15 and 80 EFL teachers 36 females and 44 males with an average age of 29 in Iran. The present study has identified important language-learning-related beliefs of Iranian teachers and students.

There are a few studies which have compared student beliefs with teacher beliefs. Also these teachers had attended in-service teacher training programs to update themselves in language teaching and the processes of language learning. Research interests in beliefs about language learning are not limited to those of language learners.

Review of literature According to Richards and Schmitlearner beliefs include opinions learners have about various aspects of language, learning and teaching. Cummingscited in Richards, points out: This indicates that Iranian teachers and students have strong instrumental motivation for learning English and they feel that learning English will help their promotion in the future.

Download article Author Biodata Vol. Such a sharp contrast of opinions can be partially due to the learning environment and teaching methods in Iranian governmental schools which focus on memorizing new words and grammar points. Few studies have compared the belief systems of these two major stake-holders in any educational enterprise. Samimy and Lee reported very similar findings, noting that the students tended to support the idea of accurate pronunciation, vocabulary learning, and using translation in Chinese learning: All results will be given briefly in hrowitz section and discussed further norwitz the next section.

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These studies were designed based on the hypothesis that teacher beliefs may influence student beliefs through instructional practices. This inventory included items on aptitude, nature of language baalli, learning and communication strategies, and motivation.

Sixty nine percent of the students agree that questionnairs have a special ability for learning foreign languages. In the present study, the beliefs of English teachers and students concerning language learning were explored using the BALLI Horwitz, These beliefs must be changed because they affect their teaching behavior in the classroom.

Table 2 consists of five items 3, 4, 15, 25, 34 which deal with the difficulty of language learning. Some of the beliefs held by students could possibly be harmful in case they balpi them from paying attention to other language skills and sub-skills.

Similarly, Bernat investigated the beliefs of participants in the Australian and American contexts and found that their beliefs were similar in all categories and it was concluded that despite a small number of inter-group differences, it seems premature to conclude that beliefs about language learning vary by contextual setting.

It tends to have a personal significance which differs from prescribed models of educational theory. According to Richards and Schmitlearner beliefs include opinions learners have about various aspects of language, learning and teaching.