It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.

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In the cities of sangrahana, dronamukhaand sthaniyaand at places arthxshastra districts meet, three members acquainted with Sacred Law and three ministers of the king shall carry on the administration of justice.

The text has been translated chanaky interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others. The plaintiff shall reply soon after the defendant has answered the questions at issue. Arthashqstra a senseless man has sexual intercourse with beasts, he shall be fined twelve panas; when he commits the same act with idols of goddesses, he shall be fined twice as much.

Who are the “friends” that Kautilya writes arthashasra He reveals the imagination of a romancer in imagining all manner of scenarios which can hardly have been commonplace in real life”. Aug 01, Vidur Kapur rated it it was amazing Shelves: Making seige of a city? For Kautil A fascinating read. Shamasastrywho published it in Book III, Chapter If you want to promote our website please write an introduction and post a link to it on your blog or website.

Arthashastra – Wikisource, the free online library

In trying to understand Kautilya ‘s arthashasttra, we have to keep in mind the fact that in the Kautilyan view, the king encapsulates all the constituents of a state, he has expounded the theory in terms of the king – any king. He shall, therefore, personally attend to the business of gods, of heretics, of Brahmans learned in the Vedas, of cattle, of sacred places, of minors, the aged, the afflicted, and the helpless, and arthxshastra women; all this in order of enumeration or according to the urgency or pressure of those works.


Political science political scientists. Fees for witnesses shall cover one-eighth of a pana.

The Arthashastra – Kautilya

If we were to think of this book in terms of modern equivalents, it would be a combination of the constitution, directive principles, the penal code, foreign policy, military strategies and even a citizen’s code of conduct. RichardsCambridge University Press, pp. Kautilya favors peace over war, because he asserts that in most situations, peace is more conducive to creation of wealth, prosperity and security of the people. It is hard to recommand this book to anyone. He’s made the effort of writing a more comprehensive summary; I’ll stick with a few brief comments.

She shall pay a fine of twelve panas if she goes out to see another man or for sports. People who are interested in political theory or military strategy might be better of with other works. But from mutual enmity divorce may be obtained.

The Arthashastra by Kautilya

Any person who aims at the kingdom, who forces entrance into the king’s harem, who instigates wild tribes or enemies against the king, or who creates disaffection in forts, country parts, or in the army, shall be burnt alive from head to foot. Book 3 of the Arthashastra, states Trautmann, is dedicated to civil law, including sections relating to economic relations of employer and employee, partnerships, sellers and buyers.

The translation provides much needed order and structure to this ancient text. Jan 06, Abhishek Sharma rated it it was amazing. The year, the season, the month, the fortnight, the date, the nature and place of the deed, the amount of the debt as well as the country, the residence, the caste, the gotrathe name and occupation of both the plaintiff and the defendant both of whom must be fit to sue and defend, having been registered first, the statements of the parties shall be taken down in such order as is required by the case.


If a woman goes out while the husband is asleep or intoxicated, or if she shuts the door of the house against her husband, she shall be fined twelve panas. Archived 31 January at the Wayback Machine.

The Arthashastra then posits its own theory that there are four necessary fields of knowledge, the Vedasthe Anvikshaki philosophy of SamkhyaYoga and Lokayata[note 2] the science of government and the science of economics Varta chamakya agriculture, cattle and trade.

With a similar attitude to statecraft to that of Machiavelli, this offers a far more comprehensive and detailed manual for realist power aggrandisment.


Introduction to the text is by Jayaram V. Of these four in order, the later is superior to the one previously named.

The text advocates “land reform”, states Brians, where land is taken from landowners and farmers who own land but do not grow anything for a long time, and given to poorer farmers who want to grow crops but do not own any land.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Kautilya, Kautilya’s Arthashastra, 2d Ed.

The text has been reproduced and reformatted from: The king who is likewise situated close to the enemy, but separated from the conqueror only by the enemy, is termed the friend of the conqueror … In front of the conqueror and close to his enemy, there happen to be situated kings such as the conqueror’s friend, next to him, the enemy’s friend, and next to the last, the conqueror’s friend’s friend, and next, the enemy’s friend’s friend.

In the happiness of his subjects lies his happiness; in their welfare his welfare; whatever pleases himself he shall not consider as good, but whatever pleases his subjects he shall consider as good. In all, a good read!